Executive Travel http://www.executivetravel.biz/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 19:15:07 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://www.executivetravel.biz/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/cropped-icon-32x32.png Executive Travel http://www.executivetravel.biz/ 32 32 TTG – Travel Industry News https://www.executivetravel.biz/ttg-travel-industry-news-2/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 19:15:07 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/ttg-travel-industry-news-2/

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Floating offers sound baths, musical events in LA parks https://www.executivetravel.biz/floating-offers-sound-baths-musical-events-in-la-parks/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 12:00:54 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/floating-offers-sound-baths-musical-events-in-la-parks/

It’s a bit like joining a secret society – that is, if secret societies were open to everyone.

“Send a cloud emoji to this number,” reads the Instagram bio of Floating, an LA collective presenting sound experiences in natural settings. Soon your phone will be ringing a few times a week with invitations to events like a singer-songwriter performance at a historic art ranch in the San Gabriel Mountains, a new moon sound bath at a botanical garden in Pasadena or a ceremonial improvisation by a Mexico-ethnomusicologist based in Montecito Heights.

On a recent Sunday at the Storrier-Stearns Japanese Garden in Pasadena, Argentinian DJ Barbarelle and electronic composer Byron Westbrook enhanced the already idyllic vibe of the historic property.

As their ambient soundscapes filtered through the verdant tiered garden where turtles and koi fish swam through the rock formations, attendees gathered on picnic blankets, settling into the dappled golden light . Some were families with children, who clearly relished exploring the bridges and pathways of space. Other guests wandered solo and found private places to read or meditate.

Barbarelle completes a musical set at the Storrier-Stearns Japanese Garden.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

Floating’s eclectic events, launched last August, are rooted in the healing power of nature and give us the opportunity to simply be. Founder Brian Schopfel, who faced “a crippling case of burnout” after working for years in commercial production, said for him being in nature was the fastest and most sustainable path towards healing, so he wanted to help facilitate that kind of connection for others.

After launching Haven Nature Studio, a hilltop sanctuary in Montecito Heights with regular yoga and meditation classes, breathing sessions, sound baths and musical performances, in 2020 he realized that sound-related activities attracted the most people and repeat visits. He also personally enjoyed these events, because it was impossible to go wrong.

Schopfel teamed up with musician Noah Klein, a certified naturalist and Los Angeles native, at that time. Klein had worked with local conservation groups like Outward Bound Adventures, Tree People and Heal the Bay, and was familiar with the many undiscovered or underutilized amphitheaters and gathering places in the Los Angeles park system. Klein helped crystallize the floating concept by linking it to the practice of “deep listening” — a term coined by composer and UC San Diego music teacher Pauline Oliveros to connect listening with healing and healing. activism.

A group of people in a park

Floating Team Members: Adrian Garcia, left to right, Brian Schopfel, May Rose Smeback, Tate Chavez, Noah Klein and Alice Parker.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

After hosting a few events on the hillside of Montecito Heights, they expanded Floating’s geographic and artistic footprint. Typically, Floating presents one to three events a week in a rotating slate of outdoor settings (the current count since last August is 200).

Some venues, like the Malibu Movie Ranch where soul singer Jimetta Rose will perform on July 3, or the Philosophical Research Society’s Mayan Revival-style courtyard in Los Feliz that will host a Sun Ra celebration on July 14, are collaborations. rare.

Meanwhile, Bronson Canyon in Griffith Park has hosted performances by local classically Indian-inspired psychedelic collective Liberate Elemental Forces as well as experimental duo Lucky Dragons. Queer singer ranchera San Cha, whose three-part floating residency just ended at the Audubon Center at Ernest E. Debs Regional Park in Montecito Heights, also performed her moving and breathtaking show at Los Angeles State Historic Park in Chinatown, and the Storrier-Stearns Japanese Garden, all of which regularly host floating people.

People laid down to relax during a musical gathering organized by Floating

People relax at a floating event at the Storrier-Stearns Japanese Garden in Pasadena.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

People chat, read, relax, draw and eat together while listening to music at a floating event

People relax on the ground.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

Consistency has always been part of the mission. “I think consistency is comforting and reassuring on its own, says Schopfel. “He’s there for you like a therapist would be, or any type of studio or gym.”

The floating business model offers two levels of membership, $11 or $22 per month, giving members the option to attend one or two events and receive 50% off all others. In addition to encouraging people to discover artists or spaces they may not be familiar with, memberships also help support staff. Direct donations are also welcome, and float organizers say no one is turned away if they can’t afford the suggested amount.

A ray of sunshine on the face of a sleeping woman

Barbarelle rests as she enjoys a second musical set at a floating event.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

In floating space, the encouragement to simply be applies to all forms of self-expression. “We’re making a conscious effort to make this a place where people can come and feel their identity is respected and affirmed,” says May Rose Smeback, the band’s production manager, who identifies as non-binary.

Schopfel makes an important distinction between “well-being” and actual well-being. He says, “I feel like wellness, as it’s positioned in the market, is very task-oriented and very tethered. … Well-being is simply about existing and enjoying the space around you, without any expectation. This is what we strive to create. Although the initial seeds were planted before the pandemic, COVID brought a more urgent need for safe outdoor gathering spaces where people could heal together.

The promise – and the fun – of Floating is that one day, hopefully, will be come to a park near you. Tate Chavez, who handles permissions, notes that what Floating does “really aligns with a lot of the core purposes of these spaces.” Most park managers are happy when something like an amphitheater, for example, is used for its original purpose. Floating organizers hope to hold events on the beach this summer, but are still working on logistics.

All events are listed on Floating’s website with detailed descriptions of performers and environments (and whether the event allows pets). But subscribing to the text list is the best way to stay up to date. Each event is for all ages.

A woman reads next to a small waterfall

Marissa Longstreet reads next to a waterfall at a floating event.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

“If we go out and try to pay more attention to the environment or the bioregion we inhabit, we begin to pay a deeper sense of care and attention to our environment. Then, once we have does that, we fight to conserve,” says Klein, who leads floating nature walks at Griffith Park.

For example, Arlington Gardens in Pasadena, a public botanical garden that includes a 48-tree orange grove, has survived on sales of its signature marmalade and private donations. Now Floating’s weekly sound baths have added a new revenue stream. The floating team also plans to help produce Arlington’s annual fall fundraising gala this year.

Light Liu, Community Platforms Manager for Floating, describes each event as “a specific moment. These are beautiful and magical events, but they are fleeting.

“You want to be present and absorb as much as you can and be part of the gathering as it unfolds. Afterwards, you leave with a feeling, and the feeling remains.

Children play on the rocks

Children play on the rocks as music plays at a floating event.

(Alisha Jucevic/For The Time)

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Tourism in Romania should focus on German and Austrian senior citizens, says tourism representative https://www.executivetravel.biz/tourism-in-romania-should-focus-on-german-and-austrian-senior-citizens-says-tourism-representative/ Wed, 29 Jun 2022 05:38:54 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/tourism-in-romania-should-focus-on-german-and-austrian-senior-citizens-says-tourism-representative/

The summer vacation season in Romania can only be extended with the help of foreign tourists, especially senior citizens from Germany and Austria, who come all year round, unlike Romanians, who prefer July and August, explain Dragos Anastasiuvice-president of the Alliance for Tourism (APT), an organization bringing together associations involved in tourism.

“Tourists ask ‘what experiences can I have in Romania?’ You can invent all sorts of stories and packages – stay two days in Bucharest, then four or five in the Danube Delta, Transylvania or Bukovina. People come for this kind of mix,” Anastasiu said in an interview for PrimaTV, as quoted by G4Media.

Representing tour operators, hotel owners, industry workers and even tourist guide associations, Anastasiu says tourism in remote areas can be one of Romania’s biggest attractions. “Ecotourism, agrotourism, cultural tourism, all this area of ​​slow [tourism]. Care must be taken not to spoil it because we tend, including in the Danube Delta, to pour concrete everywhere, he added.

Anastasiu also believes that limiting Romania’s holiday season to the summer months makes it too short, driving up prices and making experienced staff hard to find.

“You can’t have people work for three months and pay them for a year. You can not. We must therefore constantly hire new ones. The staff is the biggest problem,” he says. To give tourism workers job security, higher wages and more time to gain experience, Anastasiu thinks Romania needs a longer holiday season.

This can only be done, he says, with foreign tourists from Germany, Austria or Switzerland, who are not deterred by cold or bad weather. “Romanians only go in July and August when the weather is nice outside and the children are on vacation,” according to Anastasiu.

radu@romania-insider.com

(Image source: Inquam Photos / Octav Ganea)

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AXIS Group Benefits launches gap insurance product https://www.executivetravel.biz/axis-group-benefits-launches-gap-insurance-product/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 13:27:17 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/axis-group-benefits-launches-gap-insurance-product/


AXIS Group Benefits, part of the specialty insurance business of AXIS Capital Holdings, has announced the addition of a new gap insurance product to its suite of business travel, voluntary coverage and additional benefits for employees in several sectors in the United States.

The product, HealthGap, is a supplemental medical insurance policy that supplements an employee’s qualified major medical policy by reimbursing upfront and out-of-pocket covered expenses, including deductibles and coinsurance.

HealthGap’s coverage is designed to be flexible for employer and employee needs, with clear and simple policy language and streamlined processes, AXIS said. In the event of a claim, insureds are reimbursed for covered expenses up to the policy limit upon presentation of an “Explanation of Benefits” form to the AXIS claims administrator.

Read next: AXIS launches portfolio risk underwriting unit

The launch of HealthGap marks AXIS Group Benefits’ expansion into the traditional employer market, the company said.

“The launch of HealthGap expands our ability to provide clear and intuitive insurance solutions that meet the needs of a wide range of employers across a variety of industries,” said Doug Hayes, Head of AXIS Group Benefits. “Every stakeholder involved in providing workplace health coverage understands the economic challenges associated with rising costs.

“Our goal is to support employers and employees facing escalating healthcare costs by providing an alternative solution to offset the unintended consequences of cost shifting. HealthGap, a fee reimbursement plan, joins HealthAssist, our healthcare plan. fixed compensation, in our solutions menu.

AXIS Group Benefits is part of the AXIS Accident and Health division.

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SWK EDC approves budget for fiscal year 2022-2023 https://www.executivetravel.biz/swk-edc-approves-budget-for-fiscal-year-2022-2023/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 21:20:23 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/swk-edc-approves-budget-for-fiscal-year-2022-2023/

Voters for the Southwest Kentucky Economic Development Council unanimously approved an organizational budget of $589,350 for the 2022-23 fiscal year Monday afternoon.

This is a modest 2% increase over the prior year, with some nuanced adjustments.

Executive Director Carter Hendricks highlighted five “areas of variance” between the last budget and this one, and for the net zero balance budget, a slight increase in revenue generation is expected next year.


More SWK EDC fundraising efforts, Hendricks said, would be announced next month.

A position for “new industry” was set at $17,500, in what Hendricks noted is a rough placeholder aligned with the possibility of a good number of site visits for potential industries looking to woo counties from Trigg, Christian and Todd.

With a waning global pandemic, about $6,500 has been budgeted for planned travel and business sessions over the next year — mostly for recruiting and a national convention.

Hendricks also noted that there was a suggestion for a tentative, small cost-of-living increase for all three of EDC’s salary positions involving himself, associate director Sharon Butts, and associate director Tony Prim, but those suggestions must come from the finance and management committee.

A $5,000 position for contract labor would be used to hire a consultant to build EDC’s next five-year vision platform, and an additional $4,000 would be earmarked for two new laptops for the office – that would be used for project development and specification submissions. .

In other EDC news:

— Nearly 25% of industries and manufacturers in the region have already returned a survey on childcare services by asking questions about the levels of concern they may or may not have about availability and accessibility. Hendricks said a summary report will be provided once the organizations report their thoughts and findings.

EDC will then meet on July 25.

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Inside Housing – Insight – Grenfell community group says lobbying events close to fire anniversary ‘were dancing on the graves of our loved ones’ https://www.executivetravel.biz/inside-housing-insight-grenfell-community-group-says-lobbying-events-close-to-fire-anniversary-were-dancing-on-the-graves-of-our-loved-ones/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 13:02:40 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/inside-housing-insight-grenfell-community-group-says-lobbying-events-close-to-fire-anniversary-were-dancing-on-the-graves-of-our-loved-ones/

The Aluminum Federation (Alfed), which describes itself as ‘the voice of the UK aluminum industry’, had planned a reception in the House of Lords last Tuesday.

The membership body, which counts Kingspan and Arconic among its members, said the £99 event was an opportunity to “raise and discuss issues relating to the UK aluminum sector at most high level of the British government”.

Arconic produced the violently flammable Aluminum Composite Material (ACM) panels which have been identified as the ‘root cause’ of the rapid spread of fire at Grenfell Tower.

A small amount of combustible Kingspan K15 insulation was used on the tower, and the company has come under heavy criticism from lawyers representing bereaved and survivors for promoting its product for use on buildings of great height in the years preceding the fire.

Grenfell United slammed the planned event, saying they would “get no closer to justice” while such a relationship exists.

Alfed did not confirm whether the event went as planned. An industry source said they understood it had been reorganized due to the train strike. It’s unclear if anyone from Arconic or Kingspan was planning to attend.

The event follows a parliamentary reception on June 6 – a week before the fifth anniversary of the fire – organized by the National Insulation Association (NIA), which also counts Kingspan among its members.

A press release sent out by the NIA on the anniversary day (June 14) said the event was an opportunity to “celebrate the hard work the industry has done so far and look forward to the priorities and opportunities”.

An NIA spokesperson said the release was “completely unintentional and inadvertent”, but added that it “was insensitive and may have caused injury”.

Grenfell United said: “It is no surprise that the government has held private events with groups representing companies like Arconic and Kingspan around the fifth anniversary of the Grenfell fire.

“While we were in mourning, remembering our loved ones, they took the opportunity to antagonize us and dance on the grave of our loved ones.

“As long as these relations exist, we will not be closer to justice. The worst part is that they will succeed. Because our legal system allows it. It is a system that protects the powerful.

“We will continue to fight to make life difficult for them, to remind them that they are responsible for the deaths of 72 loved ones.”

Inside the housing saw a letter from March last year in which Grenfell United asked Alfed to revoke the membership of Kingspan and Arconic, due to revelations during the investigation into their behavior.

Alfed refused, saying he wanted to wait for the outcome of the investigation before making a decision.

Evidence presented at the inquest included the revelation that Arconic had tests showing the devastating fire performance of its panel when bent into a certain shape as early as 2004, but continued to advertise it as achieving a fire rating much higher.

Kingspan has been shown to rely on a single test pass in 2005, carried out on a legacy version of its product, to advertise its insulation suitable for use on high-rise buildings typically for nine years.

It hasn’t released any other failed tests, including one in 2007 that was described as “hell raging” in an internal document.

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Tourism industry faces shortage of skilled workers – FBC News https://www.executivetravel.biz/tourism-industry-faces-shortage-of-skilled-workers-fbc-news/ Mon, 27 Jun 2022 05:14:51 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/tourism-industry-faces-shortage-of-skilled-workers-fbc-news/

The country’s hotels are increasingly losing skilled workers overseas.

The Fiji Hotel and Tourism Association says this is one of the industry’s biggest challenges right now.

Chief executive Fantasha Lockington said while schemes like the Pacific Labor Scheme generate good remittances for Fiji, it creates a vacuum in the tourism industry.

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“People want to be able to seek out new experiences, but that leaves the industry, not just tourism but also other industries, where we are now looking to fill those gaps.”

Lockington says most of their members now end up with hobby workers who often need a lot of training.

“To fill those gaps they had to go through a lot more training, hotels are really service oriented, and if they put a lot more time and effort and money into more and more training, that just reduces their ability to focus on some of the things they should be focusing on.

Tanoa International Hotel General Manager Daniel Roy says they are strengthening their employer-employee relationship.

“So we have worked closely with universities in Fiji with companies like USP, FNU, other hospitality organizations to be available to work with them with the skills that hotels really need.

Roy adds that trying to manage tourists during this peak time in the industry is difficult given the lack of qualified hotel workers they currently face.

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New York nonstop set to return to Chattanooga despite 2-year furlough, officials say https://www.executivetravel.biz/new-york-nonstop-set-to-return-to-chattanooga-despite-2-year-furlough-officials-say/ Sun, 26 Jun 2022 20:34:57 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/new-york-nonstop-set-to-return-to-chattanooga-despite-2-year-furlough-officials-say/

Nonstop flights to cities cut at the start of the pandemic more than two years ago have mostly returned to Chattanooga airport, except to New York.

But airport officials said last week Delta Air Lines was continuing to tell them nonstop flights would resume when commercial traffic heads to that key destination.

“Once COVID happened, that was one of the routes that was cut,” said Terry Hart, the airport’s general manager, in an interview.

Hart said in 2021 that nonstop services between Chattanooga and New York’s LaGuardia Airport could return in September, but that hasn’t happened as business traffic nationwide has been slower to return. than pleasure travel.

As of last week, he said, Delta continues to maintain its intention to bring nonstop flights back to New York when business travel returns to more typical loads for the airline.

“We’re not there yet,” Hart said. “In our discussions we had two, they said the service would come back. It was one of the routes that worked well.”

Chattanooga offers nonstop service to Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago, Dallas-Fort Worth, Detroit, Miami, Orlando, Tampa-St. Petersburg and Washington, D.C.

Air traffic around the world has been hammered during the coronavirus shutdowns in 2020. Chattanooga Airport had its worst year in 2020 for boardings since 1983. This ended six consecutive years of record air traffic growth at the airport.

Also in 2020, for the first time Chattanooga officials could remember, American Airlines was the premier passenger carrier at Lovell Field, flying over perennial favorite Delta.

Chattanooga Mayor Tim Kelly said in an interview last week that direct flights to destinations are needed from the airport. Many people who live in the Chattanooga market commute to other airports to fly, he said, and it’s important that they travel from Lovell Field.

“We want them to keep flying out of here,” Kelly said.

He touted the airport’s official start last week of its $28 million terminal expansion that will add gates for planes, improve passenger amenities and increase the size of the security checkpoint for travelers. .

Jermaine Freeman, the city’s economic development manager, said the efficiency and convenience of nonstop flights can be “a game-changer for our prospects for economic development.”

“When we recruit potential businesses to create jobs in Chattanooga by opening additional offices and facilities here, they will consider whether travel and access to our city is easy and efficient,” he said in an email. -mail. “Adding more destinations served by nonstop flights is an essential and critical part of our city’s economic development and success.”

Freeman also said tourists looking for weekend getaways want to go to places they can reach quickly.

“The more flights, stopovers and connections people make, the more likely they are to experience delays, cancellations and disruptions to their routes and schedules,” he said.

While Delta and other airlines put more planes in the skies as the pandemic subsided, the total number of flights between Chattanooga and other cities has not fully returned.

For example, Delta had offered more than 11 daily nonstop flights between Chattanooga and Atlanta before the pandemic, but the number is about half now.

In addition, it may be some time before full flight numbers return due to pilot shortages across all airlines and other nationwide staffing shortages, according to Hart.

“Seating capacity has not increased,” he said.

Hart said passenger boardings in Chattanooga are about 80% of what they were before the pandemic.

“We continue to see a rebound,” he said of the long-term outlook for the future.

Contact Mike Pare at mpare@timesfreepress.com or 423-757-6318. Follow him on Twitter @MikePareTFP.

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Overflown: the impact of reduced airline service to the country of overflight https://www.executivetravel.biz/overflown-the-impact-of-reduced-airline-service-to-the-country-of-overflight/ Sun, 26 Jun 2022 04:49:00 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/overflown-the-impact-of-reduced-airline-service-to-the-country-of-overflight/

SWANTON, Ohio- JTwenty years ago, the Eugene F. Krantz Toledo Express Airport here in western Lucas County was abuzz with commuter traffic. Planes coming and going were bigger, fares were more competitive, and there were plenty of options to choose from in this Midwestern port city, located on the western tip of Lake Erie and Buckeye State.

The airport began in 1955 as a civic and corporate effort to meet the needs of the region. What was then called Toledo Municipal Airport (now Toledo Executive Airport) was seen as inadequate to serve the booming post-World War II industrial city. Two years later, the Official Airline Guide showed that there were 13 daily flights carrying people in and out of the city. Twenty years later, nine major airlines were operating multiple daily nonstop flights.

Things peaked here in 1997, as they have across the country in other mid-sized cities. Since then, places like Toledo, Ohio began their decline, going from being directly connected to the rest of the country to dangerously neglected as passenger options went from local access to an hour’s drive from Detroit. to make their journey.

At the time, airline experts said rising fuel costs were making many routes in places like Toledo unprofitable; Aviation consultant Robert Mann said at the time that the airlines’ first objective was to “get rid of the losers”.

Last week, American Airlines announced it was ending daily passenger service from Eugene F. Kranz Toledo Airport Express after Labor Day. It wasn’t just here either. Dubuque, Iowa, and Islip and Ithaca, New York, also lost passenger service from their regional airports.

Briefly, as a reporter from Detroit Gary Miles so eloquently formulated said on social media: “Flyover Country just got more hovered over.”

American Airlines is not the villain in this story; the cuts are in response to a regional pilot shortage affecting the entire industry, which could last for a long time.

But as the very phrase “get rid of the losers” implies, many influential people in elite institutions are unaware or unaware of the economic and emotional effects this sort of thing has on a small to midsize town. It’s kind of like when they shrugged when manufacturing, opportunity and stability left these cities 30-50 years ago.

When an airport stops serving your city, it deprives industries (and travelers) in the region of the use of the air network, the common denominator that determines the success of business and tourism across the country and the world.

And that creates another small death in places that are trying to recover from a series of other small deaths that they have endured over the years due to automation and destructive trade deals and the loss of Fortune 500 companies keeping their headquarters in their hometown; here in Toledo there were seven located here until the late 70s.

My favorite line in response to a story like this is, “Why aren’t they moving?” My favorite personal reaction to this is, why don’t you come here and ask this question of the people who live here? And since you can’t fly here and ask them, you might learn a few things along the back roads that you’ll probably have to take from New York or Washington, D.C.

More than 50 years ago, few blinked outside the towns and cities that the railroads began to bypass. Transportation had created towns along the trading centers of rail lines, where farmers sold livestock, businessmen could trade and receive their goods, and local lawyers and doctors could continue to inhabit their small towns due to their access to travel.

It also meant tourism and new commerce – money coming into town meant a town continued to thrive. But when they started leaving, the cities became the ghosts of what they once were, and the elites just shrugged.

Just as the railroad was a major factor in the economic viability of a region, so are airports in small towns. It’s a story that few of our elite class will care about because they can’t see how it affects them, just as they couldn’t see how a factory closed so many years ago would affect them. . But he did, he does, and he will.

The dismissive term “overflown country” implies a world of bitter Bible and gunslingers, deplorables and ultra-MAGA. This implies that the lives and industries of half the American population are ignorant – that is, until the people, places and issues they ignore begin to affect national politics. It is around this time that elites in New York and Washington start to wonder what happened again when another election result blows their closed minds.

They think it is because they are narrow-minded, that they are uneducated or bigoted. Voters here and across the country know it’s because they’ve yet again ignored the impact of things like an airline being forced to shut them down. And what was the root cause of the shortage of airline pilots to begin with?

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Space tourism could have bigger impact on climate than aviation industry – study https://www.executivetravel.biz/space-tourism-could-have-bigger-impact-on-climate-than-aviation-industry-study/ Sat, 25 Jun 2022 13:01:13 +0000 https://www.executivetravel.biz/space-tourism-could-have-bigger-impact-on-climate-than-aviation-industry-study/ The space tourism industry could have a bigger effect on climate than the aviation industry if left unregulated, according to new research.

According to the study, black carbon particles (soot) emitted from rockets are nearly 500 times more effective at trapping heat in the atmosphere than all other soot sources combined (surface and aircraft).

Researchers from UCL, the University of Cambridge and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) used a 3D model to explore the impact of rocket launches and their re-entry in 2019.

They also looked at the impact of projected space tourism scenarios based on the recent billionaire space race.

This resulted in an increased effect on the climate.

Although the study found that the current loss of total ozone from rockets is small, current growth trends around space tourism indicate that it could be damaged in the Arctic in the spring.

Indeed, pollutants from solid-fuel rockets and the re-entry heating of spacecraft and returning debris are particularly harmful to stratospheric ozone.

Study co-author Dr Eloise Marais, UCL Geography, said: ‘Rocket launches are regularly compared to greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions from the aviation industry, which we show in our work is wrong.

“Soot particles from rocket launches have a much greater climate effect than aircraft and other land-based sources, so you don’t need to have as many rocket launches as international flights to have a similar impact.

“What we really need now is a discussion among experts on the best strategy to regulate this rapidly growing industry.”

Virgin Galactic’s first SpaceShipTwo on its third supersonic flight (Virgin Galactic/PA)

Researchers collected information on chemicals from 103 rocket launches in 2019 around the world, as well as data on reusable rocket reentry and space waste.

They also used recent demonstrations by Virgin Galactic, Blue Origin and SpaceX and offered annual offers of at least daily launches by Virgin Galactic to build a scenario of a formidable future space tourism industry.

This data was then integrated into a 3D model to explore the impact on the climate and the ozone layer.

The team suggests warming from soot has more than doubled after just three years of additional emissions from space tourism launches.

This is particularly concerning, the researchers say, because when soot particles are injected directly into the upper atmosphere, they have a much greater effect on the climate than other sources of soot, with the particles being 500 times more effective at trapping carbon dioxide. heat.

In a scenario of daily or weekly space tourism rocket launches, the impact on the stratospheric ozone layer threatens to undermine the recovery that took place after the successful implementation of the Montreal Protocol, the study suggests.

The study’s lead author, Dr Robert Ryan, UCL Geography, said: “The only part of the atmosphere showing strong ozone recovery after the Montreal Protocol is the upper stratosphere, and that’s exactly where the impact of rocket emissions will hit hardest.

“We did not expect to see ozone changes of this magnitude, threatening progress in ozone recovery.

“We still have a lot to discover about how rocket launch and re-entry will influence the atmosphere – in particular, the future size of the industry and the types and by-products of new fuels like liquid methane and bio-derived fuels.

“This study enables us to enter the new era of space tourism with eyes wide open to the potential impacts.

“The conversation about regulating the environmental impact of the space launch industry needs to start now so that we can minimize damage to the stratospheric ozone layer and the climate.”

The results are published in the journal Earth’s Future.

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